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Spaced Pair Stereo Microphones: 7 Powerful Features

Spaced Pair Stereo Microphone

A spaced pair stereo microphone is a type of stereo microphone setup in which two microphones are placed at a certain distance from each other, usually at least a few feet. The stereo image and the sound of the whole recording can be affected by how far apart the microphones are and how they are pointed.

Spaced pair stereo microphone setups often record a wide soundstage or give the recording a sense of depth and space. When a sense of freedom and atmosphere is needed, they are often used in recording studios, live music performances, and field recordings.

There are several ways to set up a spaced pair stereo microphone, such as the “A-B” configuration, in which the microphones are placed the same distance apart and pointed directly at the sound source, and the “X-Y” configuration, in which the microphones are placed at a 90-degree angle to each other and pointed at the sound source. Each configuration has its qualities and can be used differently, depending on the desired effect.

Features of a spaced pair stereo microphone

Here are some things that a spaced pair stereo microphone might have:

Adjustable microphone spacing: Some spaced pair stereo microphones let you change the distance between the two microphones. This can change the stereo image and the sound of the recording.

Adjustable microphone angles: Some spaced pair stereo microphones let you change the angle at which the microphones are pointed, which can also change the stereo image and sound of the recording.

Directional microphones: Many spaced pair stereo microphones use directional microphones, like cardioid or super cardioid microphones, which are sensitive to sounds coming from a certain direction and can help cut down on background noise and ambiance in the recording.

Frequency response: The range of frequencies that a microphone can pick up is called its frequency response. A microphone with a wide frequency response can pick up both low and high sound frequencies.

Noise floor: A microphone’s noise floor is the amount of background noise or “self-noise” it makes when it’s not used to pick up a sound. When you record with a microphone that has a low-noise floor, there will be less background noise.

Dynamic range: A microphone’s dynamic range is between the loudest and softest sounds it can pick up without getting distorted. With a wide dynamic range, a microphone can record a wide range of sound levels without distorting.

Compatibility with audio recording devices: It’s important to ensure that the spaced pair stereo microphone you choose works with your audio recording device or mixer. Some microphones may need extra parts, like a preamp or an interface, to work with some devices.


  • Captures the sound source’s spatial qualities and environment to create a more immersive sound experience.
  • It can capture music or other audio sources with left and right channels, such as a live concert or podcast.
  • Captures a location’s or event’s vibe.
  • More mic spacing and angle options.


  • Better recording may require extra setup and location.
  • Single-channel microphones are cheaper.
  • Even when a mono recording is all that is needed or enough, it may not be as flexible.
  • Depends on the microphones utilized and the recording setting.

What are Spaced Pair Microphones, and how do they work?

Spaced Pair Microphones are a recording technique that involves placing two separate microphones at a distance from each other, typically capturing sound in a stereo configuration. They work by providing a sense of spatial separation, enhancing the stereo image in audio recordings.

How do I set up a Spaced Pair Microphone configuration?

To set up a Spaced Pair Microphone configuration, position two microphones at a specific distance apart, often referred to as the microphone spacing. The spacing can vary depending on the desired stereo width and the sound source. Experimentation and adjustments may be necessary to achieve the desired results.

What are some common microphone types used in a Spaced Pair configuration?

Spaced Pair Microphones can use various microphone types, including condenser microphones, ribbon microphones, and dynamic microphones. The choice of microphone type depends on the specific recording scenario and the desired tonal qualities.

In what recording situations is the Spaced Pair technique most effective?

The Spaced Pair technique is highly effective for recording scenarios where capturing the natural spatial characteristics of sound is essential. It is commonly used for classical music recordings, live concerts, and any situation where a realistic stereo image is crucial.

Can I use Spaced Pair Microphones for close-miking applications?

Spaced Pair Microphones are typically used for distant or ambient recording, but they can also be used for close-miking applications when capturing the spatial characteristics of a sound source is desired. However, close-miking with Spaced Pair Microphones may require additional adjustments and considerations.

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